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   Vol.66/No.42           November 11, 2002  
25 and 50 years ago

November 11, 1977
Some 1,500 people took part in a historic, united show of opposition to President Carter’s attacks on undocumented immigrants at the National Chicano/Latino Conference held here October 28-30.

Those present included leaders of diverse organizations--the broadest array of Chicanos and Latinos united around a single issue since the height of the anti-Vietnam War movement.

The widely publicized conference showed the Chicano movement speaks with one voice in saying "No" to the Carter plan to step up deportations. The gathering was a political blow to the Carter administration, and especially to Leonel Castillo, who has pretended to represent Latino interests as head of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, the hated la migra.

The conference called for nationally coordinated protests November 18–20 in support of immediate, unconditional amnesty for all undocumented workers.

According to conference organizers, people from more than thirty states attended. Especially significant was the delegation from Mexico, which included representatives of the Democratic Tendency of the Electrical Workers Union and the National Front for People’s Action (FNAP), two of the most prominent oppositionist organizations in Mexico.

Support for the conference grew after Carter submitted a message to Congress outlining his proposed crackdown on undocumented immigrants.

November 10, 1952
An event of great significance for labor in the United States has occurred in Bolivia, a small land-locked South American country whose population is mainly Indian. On Oct. 31, amid ceremonies in the mining center of Catavi, the new Bolivian government under President Victor Paz Estenessoro formally seized and nationalized the big foreign-owned tin mining corporations, Patino, Hochschild and Aramyo.

Thus, a powerful blow has been struck at U.S. imperialism within the Western Hemisphere, which Wall Street has always considered its very special private preserve. This is the first time that such nationalization has taken place in this hemisphere as the result of revolutionary action by the workers. The previous Bolivian military government dominated by the tin interests was overthrown by the direct mass action of the working people.

It is conservatively reported that one-third of the shares of the three seized companies are in the hands of American investors. The bulk of the Patino stocks are owned by U.S. interests and the company is registered in this country. British and Swiss interests are sizable in the other companies.

For decades U.S. capitalists have profited from the toil of the terribly exploited Bolivian workers.  
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